Training Seminar 10 - Developing cooling strategies

Session Information

Case Study Site: Truganina in Melbourne, VIC

Recorded on Wednesday 12 August 2020 | 1pm AEST

Instructions

The Truganina precinct has been adopted as part of the focus area for a recent Scenario Tool case study. The purpose of this case study is to consider how specific interventions of urban form and green infrastructure in greenfield development areas can support the delivery of better urban heat outcomes. There is keen interest amongst government stakeholders to investigate how strategic changes to urban planning and development may help to reduce the exposure to extreme heat conditions.

The Truganina PSP describes the vision for Truganina and ensures the delivery of key local infrastructure to promote accessibility and community activity within the precinct. In this tutorial, we will use part of the Truganina PSP with the Scenario Tool to model air temperature for a specified area of mixed land uses and quantify the potential impact or alternative planning scenarios. In total, four scenarios will be produced: the baseline conditions detailing the current state of pre-developed Truganina, a business-as-usual case reflecting the proposed development of Truganina owing to existing planning policies and schemes, and three intervention scenarios that each feature different alternative water source systems.

Truganina - Urban Heat Model

Model Setup

  1. Before beginning, use this Dropbox folder to access the GIS data employed as part of this seminar

  2. To start, navigate to the Scenario Tool website and log in using your registration details (otherwise register for the tool and then proceed to log in)

  3. At the project dashboard, create a new project, name it, and set the region to Melbourne

  4. Select the Land Surface Temperature and TARGET Urban Heat Island assessment

  5. Upload the boundary file that is part of the GIS dataset previously referred to

  6. Submit the project to initialisation it

  7. Upload the remaining GIS files after reaching the project dashboard

Scenario 1 - BAU

This scenario represents the business-as-usual approach.

Note

The nodes, their parameters and the GIS layers used with them have been informed from a combination of relevant literature and government authority input. As part of this seminar, the specific documentation for each node should be read to gain an understanding of its function and the resources used to calibrate it.

To prepare the business-as-usual scenario, begin with the ‘Clear Area’ node and add ‘Residential’ node, using the ‘residential.geojson’ file as the area of effect and the parameter set below; then, follow the relevant table to set up the rest of the scenario. Fig. 2 shows the outputs for the urban from and land surface temperature accross the case study area

Note

The Urban From node refers currently to the residential node which will be renamed

Parameter

Residential

Light Industrial Zone

Educational Zone

Workflow Node

Residential

Residential

Residential

Area

Residential

Industrial

School

City block width

80

180

10000

City block length

240

120

10000

Street offset

8

5.25

0.1

Parcel width

14

54.75

10000

Parcel length

31

42.8

10000

Building height

6

7.5

7.5

Site coverage

0.6

0.45

0.2

Residential units

1

2

680

Hardstand fraction

0.5

0.82

0.63

Garden fraction

0.8

0.8

1.0

Tree canopy diameter

7

7

7

Percentage of lots with trees

0

0

0

Number of trees per lot

0

0

0

Street tree spacing

28

28

28

Workflow Node

Assign Fractions

Assign Fractions

Assign Fractions

Area

Recreational Reserve

Road

Other Pervious Area

Tree Cover

0

0

0

Water Cover

0

0

0

Grass Cover

0

0.25

0.9

Irrigated Grass Cover

1.0

0

0

Roof Cover

0

0

0

Road Cover

0

0.5

0

Concrete Cover

0

0.25

0.1

_images/urban_form_bau.png

Fig. 2 Urban form and Land Surface Temperature for the BAU scenario

Scenario 2 - Trees

The first intervention scenario is to assess the impact of increased tree canopy. Therefore, for the residential area add 2 trees per lot and reduce the tree spacing to 13m.

  • Parent scenario: BAU

Parameter

Residential

Workflow Node

Residential

Area

Residential

City block width

80

City block length

240

Street offset

8

Parcel width

14

Parcel length

31

Building height

6

Site coverage

0.6

Residential units

1

Hardstand fraction

0.5

Garden fraction

0.8

Tree canopy diameter

7

Percentage of lots with trees

100

Number of trees per lot

2

Street tree spacing

13

Scenario 3 - Reduced Site Cover

This scenario explores the impact of reduced site cover. Use the same parameters as before but set the site cover to 0.5 and increase the garden fraction to 0.9

  • Parent scenario: Trees

Parameter

Residential

Workflow Node

Residential

Area

Residential

City block width

80

City block length

240

Street offset

8

Parcel width

14

Parcel length

31

Building height

6

Site coverage

0.5

Residential units

1

Hardstand fraction

0.4

Garden fraction

1

Tree canopy diameter

7

Percentage of lots with trees

100

Number of trees per lot

2

Street tree spacing

13

Scenario 4 - Additional Measures

Try to explore additional measures eg. reduction of road surfaces or green roofs.